Cannabis 101

Welcome to Professor Bud’s Cannabis 101 Class. This page will help explain all you need to know about cannabis, and aid in making an informed choice the next time you Visit Blooming World.

Cannabis contains hundreds of chemical substances. More than a 100 of these are known as cannabinoids, including Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) that are made and stored in the plant’s trichomes. Trichomes are tiny, clear hairs that stick out from the flowers and leaves of the plant.

Cannabinoids have an effect on cell receptors in the brain and body and can change how these cells behave and communicate with each other.




THC is the most researched cannabinoid, and is responsible for the high and intoxication when consuming cannabis.

THC potency in dried cannabis ranges on average from to 10-30%. Although THC is best known for its mind-altering euphoria, it has some therapeutic effects but it also has some harmful effects (talk with your healthcare provider if you have questions about the effects of THC). The concentration of THC is shown as a percentage of THC by weight (or by volume in an oil).

The boiling point of THC is 157C/315◦F (80).




Unlike THC, CBD does not cause intoxication. Certain evidence suggests that CBD may mitigate some of the intoxicating effects of THC on the mind, when it is used in cannabis that has a higher ratio of CBD to THC.

High-CBD strains tend to deliver very clear-headed, functional effects without the euphoric high associated with high-THC strains. They’re typically preferred by consumers who are extremely sensitive to the side effects of THC (e.g., anxiety, paranoia, dizziness). CBD is also being studied for its possible therapeutic uses such as treatment of inflammation and seizures.

The boiling point of CBD is 160-180C/320-356°F (80).

Generally known by its Latin name, Cannabis sativa, has historically been thought of as consisting of at least two types, indica and sativa, which are believed to differ in terms of places of origin, height, and leaf shape. Hybrids are considered mixes of sativa and indica strains.

Hybridization and other selective breeding has made it more difficult to generalize about these groups in terms of effects, however there are recognized differences between the two types.


Originated in present-day Southeast Asia, and equatorial regions in South and Central America.

Sativa strains are often high in terpenes like limonene and can pair well with physical activity, social gatherings, and creative projects

Sativas tend to provide invigorating effects such as uplifting, cerebral, head high, alertness, euphoric with increased energy.

Best for daytime use.


Over the years, cannabis cultivars have taken great effort to mix and match effects from Sativa and Indica strains to create their own favourite hybrid strains.

Most strains available today are hybrids, a genetic cross between indica and sativa plants. They are purpose-bred to yield specific characteristics from their parents.


Originated in present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan, particularly in the Hindu Kush mountain region.

Generally higher in THC, Indica strains can contain high concentrations of terpenes like myrcene perfect for relaxing with a movie or as a nightcap before bed.

Indica strains tends to be physically sedating (body high) with calming and relaxing effects.

Best for nighttime use.

The endocannabinoid system

Two receptors, CB1 and CB2, are sensitive to THC and CBD and can be found in cells throughout the body.

The endocannabinoid system is a network of receptors spread throughout our entire body.

This system controls some of our most vital functions, including our immune system, memory, appetite, sleep pattern, mood and pain sensation. The system consists of two receptors, called CB1 and CB2, which are found on cell surfaces and impact various biological processes. Stimulating the system with plant-based cannabinoids restores balance and helps maintain symptoms.

CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain and central nervous system, but can be found in many other parts of the body.

CB2 receptors, found throughout the body, are mostly in the peripheral organs especially cells associated with our immune system.


CBD is one of many cannabinoids, and it has powerful
interactions with CB1and CB2 receptors. Because CBD
doesn’t bond directly with the CB1 receptor (it may even
negate THC’s bonding with CB1), it does not produce a “high.”


THC is the most recognizeable cannabinoid, and is able to
bind directly with CB1 receptors. When this bond is formed, it
sends signals to the brain, which results in the psychoactive
effects of “getting high.”

Terpenes are aromatic metabolites found in the oils of all plants – you’re probably familiar with them in essential oils or aroma therapy.

There are at least 100 terpenes produced by the Cannabis plant, and each endows your buds with strong and distinct flavours, colours, and smells. Terpenes also have purported benefits, some are better for alertness, while others may be better for relaxation, for example.


Aromas: Citrus, Rosemary, Juniper, Peppermint, Fruit rinds

Potential Effects: Considered to have an uplifting effect and elevates mood for some.

Vaporizes at: 348ºF (176ºC)


Aromas: Mango, lemongrass, Musky, Cloves, Cardamom, Earthy, Herbal

Potential Effects: Believed to promote calming and sedating effects.

Vaporizes at: 332ºF (167ºC)


Aromas: Black Pepper, Spice, Basil, Oregano, Cloves, Caraway.

Potential Effects: Is thought to be more of a balancing terpene with euphoric effect for some.

Vaporizes at: 266ºF (130ºC)


Aromas: Pine Needles,  Rosemary, Basil, Dill, Parsley

Potential Effects: Thought to be an energizing terpene for some: mental clarity, focus and alertness.

Vaporizes at: 311ºF (155ºC)


Aromas: Hops, Coriander, Cloves, Basil, Woodsy, Earthy.

Potential Effects: Considered of as being a motivating terpene for some.

Vaporizes at: 222ºF (106ºC)


Aromas: Sweet, Herbaceous, Orchids, Kumquats.

Potential Effects: Can be more of a centering terpene with uplifting effect for some.

Vaporizes at: 122ºF (50­ºC)


Aromas: Spicy, Citrusy, Floral, Eucalyptus, Smokey,Woodsy, Sage.

potential Effects: Can promote uplifting effect for some and be thought more of a refreshing terpene.

Vaporizes at: 366ºF (186ºC)


Aromas: Floral, Lavender, Coriander.

Potential Effects: Believed to promote relaxation and calming effects.

Vaporizes at: 388ºF (198ºC)


Aromas: Floral, Chamomile, Citrus, Spice.

Potential Effects: Thought to have a comforting effect for some people.

Vaporizes at: 307ºF (153ºC)


Aromas: Floral, Woody, Earthy.

Fun fact: Guaiol is a very unique terpene; it is not an oil-based terpene like others, it is a liquid terpene.

Vaporizes at: 198ºF (92ºC)

We are a non-medical cannabis retail store and the information on this page is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes.